Grammar

Which one: i.e or e.g?

For me, knowing when to use i.e vs e.g does not come naturally! It requires some effort to remember the rules. Do not worry, many people have only a vague understanding of e.g. and i.e.

i.e = id est = that is

Use i.e before clarifying or adding to the previous statement.

“I am a vegan, i.e., I do not eat any animal-based products”

  • Place a comma before and after “i.e.” This will help the abbreviation stand out and let the reader know you are providing additional information after “i.e.”
  • Do not italicize or bold it. The abbreviation “i.e.” does not need to be formatted differently than the rest of the document or paper.
  • Lowercase it and use periods. The abbreviation “i.e.” should always appear with a lowercase “i” and a lowercase “e” in a sentence, with a period between both letters.

e.g = exampli gratia = for example = such as

Use e.g before listing examples of the previous statement.

“There are many different flavours of ice cream, e.g., chocolate, vanilla, strawberry.”

  •  e.g. is usually used in the middle of a sentence and never found at the very end.
  • When you use e.g. in a sentence both the letters e and g should be lowercase.

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